Modi government erased the history of Babri Masjid

History of Babri Masjid

History of Babri Masjid

In 1992, a significant and controversial event took place in Ayodhya, India, when the Babri Masjid was demolished by Kar Sevaks. This mosque, built in the 16th century under the orders of Mughal Emperor Babur's general Mir Baki, was said to be constructed on the birthplace of the Hindu deity, Lord Ram. This event has since been a focal point of communal tensions and political discourse in India. Recently, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), an autonomous organization under the Union Ministry of Education, has revised the political science syllabus for class 12, significantly altering the historical narrative surrounding the Babri Masjid and the Ayodhya dispute.

Changes in the Syllabus

The new syllabus released by NCERT has omitted several key aspects of the Babri Masjid's history and the events leading up to and following its demolition. The previous syllabus included detailed information about the construction of the mosque, the communal tensions that arose, and the political and judicial developments over the years. Specifically, the following points have been removed or altered:

Historical Background: The old syllabus mentioned that the Babri Masjid was constructed in 1528 by Mir Baki. This has been completely omitted in the new syllabus.

Communal Tensions and Legal Disputes: The previous syllabus detailed the communal tensions following the opening of the mosque in 1986, which allowed both Hindus and Muslims to perform their religious rituals. It also covered the subsequent communal violence, including the Rath Yatra led by BJP leader L.K. Advani, the demolition of the mosque in 1992, and the violence in 1993. These events have been largely removed from the new texts.

Political Repercussions: The role of the then Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh and the criticism his government faced for failing to protect the mosque were discussed in the old syllabus. Additionally, a speech by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, in which he termed the Ayodhya incident as BJP's biggest mistake, has also been omitted.

Revised Narrative: The new syllabus briefly mentions that after the mosque's locks were opened, the court allowed Hindu worship there. It describes the ongoing debate about the mosque being built over a temple and mentions the 2019 Supreme Court verdict that ordered the construction of a Ram temple at the site, without delving into the detailed historical and political context.

Implications of the Changes

These revisions reflect a significant shift in how the Ayodhya dispute and the Babri Masjid demolition are presented to students. The removal of detailed historical events and political analysis simplifies the narrative and focuses primarily on the Supreme Court's 2019 decision. This change aligns with the current political climate and the ruling government's perspective.

The omission of detailed communal tensions and political controversies may affect students' understanding of the complex historical and socio-political landscape of India. It also raises concerns about the objectivity and comprehensiveness of educational content provided to young minds.

The revision of the NCERT political science syllabus concerning the Babri Masjid and Ayodhya dispute marks a notable departure from the previous educational narrative. By omitting detailed historical events, political implications, and communal tensions, the new syllabus offers a streamlined version of events leading up to the 2019 Supreme Court verdict. This change not only impacts how history is taught but also reflects broader political and ideological shifts in contemporary India. It is crucial for educational content to present a balanced and comprehensive view of historical events to ensure that students develop a well-rounded understanding of their country's past.


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