Escalating Market Prices During Ramadan

Escalating Market Prices During Ramadan

Escalating Market Prices During Ramadan

During the holy month of Ramadan, when consumption of essential goods traditionally surges, consumers in the capital are facing unprecedented challenges due to soaring market prices. Despite government efforts to regulate prices, a lack of supervision has allowed traders to sell goods well above the prescribed rates, leaving consumers frustrated and financially burdened.

Current Situation

Reports indicate a stark contrast between government-fixed prices and actual market rates. Essential commodities like broiler chicken, green chillies, mung dal, and mashkalai are being sold at significantly higher prices than those mandated by the government. For instance, broiler chicken, priced at Tk 175 per kg by the government, is being sold for Tk 220, representing a substantial markup. Similarly, green chillies, with a fixed price of Tk 60 per kg, are being sold for Tk 120, doubling the expected cost for consumers.

The discrepancy extends across various other products including lentils, fish, meat, vegetables, and spices. Lentils, both improved and coarse, are being sold at prices higher than the government's prescribed rates, with khesari dal particularly notable for its significant deviation from the fixed price. Fish prices also exceed government-set rates, with pangas and catla fish being sold at prices higher than the prescribed levels.

Moreover, essential items like eggs, onions, garlic, and ginger are subject to inflated prices in the market. For example, eggs, priced at Tk 10.49 per piece by the government, are being sold above Tk 11 each, adding further strain on consumers' budgets.


The primary challenge lies in the lack of supervision and enforcement of government-set prices. Despite directives from authorities, there has been minimal oversight in Dhaka's marketplaces, allowing traders to disregard the prescribed rates with impunity. Fines imposed on violators have proven ineffective in curbing the rampant price escalation, exacerbating the burden on consumers.


Enhanced Supervision: Authorities must bolster supervision and monitoring mechanisms in marketplaces to ensure compliance with government-fixed prices. Regular inspections and stringent penalties for violators should be enforced to deter price gouging.

Transparency: Transparency in pricing mechanisms should be ensured to prevent manipulation by traders. Public awareness campaigns about government-fixed prices and consumers' rights are essential to empower consumers to make informed purchasing decisions.

Strengthened Enforcement: Strengthening enforcement measures, including increased penalties and legal consequences for non-compliance, is imperative to uphold price regulations effectively.

Collaboration: Collaboration between relevant authorities, market stakeholders, and consumer advocacy groups is essential to address the root causes of price escalation and develop sustainable solutions.


The current discrepancy between government-fixed prices and market rates poses a significant challenge to consumers, particularly during the holy month of Ramadan. Urgent action is needed to enhance supervision, enforce price regulations, and protect consumers from exploitation in the marketplace. By implementing proactive measures and fostering collaboration, authorities can mitigate the impact of price escalation and ensure affordability and accessibility of essential goods for all consumers.


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